TICSQServer Reference Manual

TICSQServer is the main application that is used to fill the quality database. It uses some auxiliary applications that are described below. TICSQServer is meant to be run regularly, e.g., on a daily (nightly) basis.

The steps of a TICSQServer run are described below. A full overview of all possible command line options is also given.

Steps of the Quality Database Update Process

The following steps are performed when updating the quality database. Not all steps are always performed. Some steps are optional and can be configured via command line options. Other steps are only performed under certain conditions. The order of the steps is fixed since there are causal dependencies between steps.
Backup [-nobackup]
Create a backup of the database. This step is optional and can be suppressed via the -nobackup option.
Prepare [-calc PREPARE]
Run any archive preparation steps. These include SCM updates and build steps.
Changed Files [-calc CHANGEDFILES]
Traverse the file system starting at the root of a branch set in the PROJECTS.txt and/or quality database and/or passed as a command line option for the given project. Directories and files matching the expressions in the ARCHIVE file are accepted and collected for further processing.

Update the file information in the database.

  • New files are added.
  • Removed files are marked "deleted".
  • Modified files (determined by a checksum based on the contents of a file) are updated. Updating a file means appending a new instance of the file to its life cycle.
All new and modified files get the status 'not checked'. This means they have to be rechecked further on in the process.
Build Relations [-calc BUILDRELATIONS]
Calculate the build relations between source files and make files. This is done for new or changed build files only. First, the build file relations of changed build files are removed. Next, for each build file all filenames within the build file are collected and the relation is stored in the database.
Include Relations [-calc INCLUDERELATIONS]
Calculate the include relations between source files (only C and C++) First, all the include relations of the changed source files are removed. Next, each source file is scanned for include files. Using the build file options, the actual included files (mostly header files) are found and the relations are stored in the database. This process is done recursively on all the included files (registering each relation only once to speedup the process and to avoid circular include problems).
Lines of Code [-calc LOC]
Calculate the Lines of Code (LOC). Lines of Code counts the actual number of lines excluding those lines that are considered generated as can be specified in the TICS LANGUAGES section.
Effective Lines of Code [-calc ELOC]
Calculate the Effective Lines of Code (ELOC). Effective Lines of Code are all source lines that actually contribute to the program. This excludes all blank lines, comment lines and lines that only contain braces.
Lines of Code including Generated Code [-calc GLOC]
Calculate the Lines of Code including Generated Code (GLOC). The result of this step is the number of lines of each file as it would be reported by an editor.
Lines Added [-calc LINESADDED]
Calculate the number of lines added to the source code lines. This is the number of lines added since the previous measurement.
Lines Deleted [-calc LINESDELETED]
Calculate the number of lines deleted from the source code lines. This is the number of lines removed since the previous measurement.
Lines Changed [-calc LINESCHANGED]
Calculate the number of lines changed with respect to the source code lines. This is the number of lines changed since the previous measurement.
Change Rate [-calc CHANGERATE]
Aggregation of Lines Added, Lines Deleted and Lines Changed.
Accumulative Lines Added [-calc ACCULINESADDED]
Calculate the accumulative number of lines added to the source code lines over the project's life-time.
Accumulative Lines Deleted [-calc ACCULINESDELETED]
Calculate the accumulative number of lines deleted from the source code over the project's life-time.
Accumulative Lines Changed [-calc ACCULINESCHANGED]
Calculate the accumulative number of lines changed with respect to the source code lines over the project's life-time.
Accumulative Change Rate [-calc ACCUCHANGERATE]
Aggregation of Lines Added, Lines Deleted and Lines Changed over the project's life-time.
Unit Test Coverage [-calc UNITTESTCOVERAGE]
Calculate the test coverage of unit tests, based on data generated by external tools.
Integration Test Coverage [-calc INTEGRATIONTESTCOVERAGE]
Calculate the test coverage of integration tests, based on data generated by external tools.
System Test Coverage [-calc SYSTEMTESTCOVERAGE]
Calculate the test coverage of system tests, based on data generated by external tools.
Total Test Coverage [-calc TOTALTESTCOVERAGE]
Calculate the test coverage of total tests, based on data generated by external tools or aggregation of unit, integration and system test coverage data.
Coding Standard Violations [-calc CODINGSTANDARD]
Calculate the coding standard violations of each changed, new or previously failed file. All files marked as not checked are analyzed. These can be new files added, changed files whose contents has been modified or files that failed in the previous run. Files can fail to be successfully analyzed for various reasons. The file could not be compiled, the file was not in a makefile or internal analyzer problems stopped the analyzing process. If a file succeeds, all violations found are stored in the database.
Compiler Warnings [-calc COMPILERWARNING]
Calculate the compiler warnings. This takes warning output from the compiler normally used by the build process and turns these into violations. The violations are aggregated and can be shown as totals, per level or per category, just as for coding standard violations.
Abstract Interpretation [-calc ABSTRACTINTERPRETATION]
Calculate the abstract interpretation. This takes all files in the archive into account; not just the changed files. This is because this analysis exceeds file boundaries and analyzes inter-file relations.
Average Cyclomatic Complexity [-calc AVGCYCLOMATICCOMPLEXITY]
Calculate the average cyclomatic complexity of each file. The average cyclomatic complexity of a file is defined as the sum of the cyclomatic complexities of all functions/methods defined in the file divided by the number of functions/methods in the file.
Maximum Cyclomatic Complexity [-calc MAXCYCLOMATICCOMPLEXITY]
Calculate the maximum cyclomatic complexity of each file. The maximum cyclomatic complexity of a file is defined as the maximum of the cyclomatic complexities of all functions/methods defined in the file.
Fan Out [-calc FANOUT]
Calculate the fan-out of each file. Fan-out is the dependency on other coding units.
Dead Code [-calc DEADCODE]
Calculate dead code in the archive. This takes all files in the archive into account. Dead code analysis attempts to find all functions that are not used and all files that are not buildable.
Code Duplication [-calc DUPLICATEDCODE]
Calculate code duplication in the archive. This takes all files in the archive into account. Code duplication attempts to find all code fragments that are shared between at least two separate locations.
Fix Rate [-calc FIXRATE]
Calculate the fix rate for each file. Fix rate attempts to correlate problem reports from an issue tracker to a file. It tracks which files are changed to solve certain issues.
Accumulative Fix Rate [-calc ACCUFIXRATE]
Calculate the accumulative fix rate for each file. This tracks all issues related to the file's life time.
Finalize [-calc FINALIZE]
  1. Generate the Organizational View.
  2. Generate viewer caches.
  3. Generate SQA reports.
  4. Send status mails.

TICSQServer

TICSQServer is the main program to fill the quality database.

TICSQServer runs for the project specified on the command line via the -project option, or for each project specified in the PROJECTS.txt configuration file in case of -allprojects. Projects are processed according to their last modification times. The oldest project is processed first, the most recent project last. Per project, new and changed files are processed first, followed by any files that failed to be correctly processed the last time.

TICSQServer processes files in this order for the following reason. When the time restrictions for the run are not large enough to analyze both the new and previously failed files, this arrangement allows all new files to be analyzed first. Since files that failed the previous run are likely to fail again (unless proper action has been taken), processing such files mostly consumes time without providing new data.

Before starting the update of the quality database, TICSQServer optionally performs the following steps (in this order).

  1. If the AUTOUPDATE property in the project configuration of the SERVER.txt is set, TICSQServer synchronizes the file system with the SCM tool by performing an SCM update, checking out all files from the SCM repository onto the locally accessible file system.
  2. If the property PREPAREQDB is set in the SERVER.txt file, TICSQServer will run the given executable script or program. TICSQServer passes the project name and the view name as its arguments to the PREPAREQDB script. This script can be used for instance to run a build, set necessary environment variables, etc.

Synopsis

TICSQServer [option...] [inputfile...]

TICSQServer accepts a list of inputfiles. Each inputfile is a file or directory that

  1. possibly contains wildcards or
  2. is prefixed with '@' to denote a project file

Note that all specified files must be within one of the specified views of the project (in the SERVER.txt project configuration).

The following TICSQServer options are allowed.

-allprojects
run on all projects in the PROJECTS.txt
-branchname branch name
calculate only the branch with branch name
-calc metric
calculate the specified (comma separated) metric type(s) [default: on]
-config string
use the given compiler configuration
-deltaonly
show only new violations relative to the database
-err file
write error messages to the specified file
-exitsqa
use the QA acceptation as exit code
-help
show this help info
-language language
calculate only files of the given language
-level int
show violations upto the specified level
-log int
show diagnostic messages upto the specified log level
-logdir dir
use the specified directory for server log files
-new
only check files that are new to the archive
-nobackup
do not backup the current version of the database
-nocalc metric
do not calculate the specified (comma separated) metric type(s)
-noclobber
do not overwrite the global log file (but append to it instead)
-nodelta
do not show deltas
-nologo
suppress TICS logo output
-nomail
do not send error or status mails
-norecalc metric
do not recalculate the specified (comma separated) metric type(s) for unchanged files
-nosanity
do not perform sanity checks
-nowarn
suppress all warnings
-overviews
show violation overview tables [default: on]
-project string
quality database to update
-recalc metric
recalculate the specified (comma separated) metric type(s) for unchanged files
-results
show violation messages [default: on]
-setbaseline name[,delta:(0|1)][,plotline:(0|1)]
set baseline name for a project
-shownew
annotate new violations relative to the database
-showsuppressions
show suppressed violations in violation overview
-showsynopsis
show rule synopsis in violation overview [default: on]
-sort level|linenr|new
sort the violations according to the specified criterion (default 'linenr')
-st
dump stack trace in case of errors
-timeinfo
show timing information on individual process stages [default: on]
-tmpdir dir
use the specified directory for intermediate files
-today yyyy-mm-dd
pretend that today is the given date
-totaloverviews
show cumulative violation overview tables [default: on]
-version
show version info and exit

Exit value

TICSQServer provides information about the status of the run as follows. In case of a successful run the exit status is 0. In case of an unsuccessful run, the exit code is an integer unequal to 0. The exact value of a non-zero exit code is subject to the OS and the shell interpreter in which the TICSQServer command is invoked.

Note that the semantics of the exit status is changed when running with the -exitsqa option. When running with the -exitsqa option, the exit value may still be non-zero in case of a "successful" run. Namely, in case the run does not satisfy the QA criteria (i.e., fails to meet the required QA targets).